Environmental Assessments and Environmental Action Plans

Practitioner's Resource Kit: Environmental Management in Humanitarian Operations


Benfield Hazard Research Centre and CARE International


  1. Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters. Prepared by Kelly C.
    How to define and prioritize potential environmental impacts in disaster situations.
  2. A Quick Guide to REAs in a disasters (based on the Guidelines). Prepared by Kelly C.


CARE International


Rapid Environmental Assessment e-Learning Course (linked to pdf: REAeLearningCourse2006July.EXE)

A self-learn module introducing the basics of REAs
Programme size 178 MB


Lutheran World Federation and Department for World Service


Environmental Reporting, Monitoring and Evaluation in LWF/DWS. A toolbox for LWF/DWS country programs 

How to address environmental aspects in planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting of projects
Tools for environmental management and environmental assessment


UNHCR and CARE International


FRAME Toolkit: Framework for Assessing, Monitoring and Evaluating the environment in refugee-related operations

tools and guidelines on environmental assessments, rapid environmental assessments, community environmental action planning (CEAPs), environmental indicators, geographic information systems (GIS), and evaluations

  1. FRAME Toolkit: Module I – Introduction 
  2. FRAME Toolkit: Module II – Environmental Assessment
  3. FRAME Toolkit: Module III – Rapid Environmental Assessment
  4. FRAME Toolkit: Module IV – Community Environmental Action Planning
  5. FRAME Toolkit: Module V – Environmental Indicator Framework
  6. FRAME Toolkit: Module VII – Evaluation 




Environmental Needs Assessment in Post-Disaster Situations. A Practical Guide for Implementation. Draft guide

Intended as a first step towards elaborating a systematic approach to addressing and assessing environmental impacts and concerns following natural disasters -especially those issues which might have a negative impact on the safety and welfare of people
Primarily designed to inform and influence the early recovery process


  1. Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment
  2. Synthesis Report. Sudan Post-Conflict Environmental Assessment (linked to pdf not working)

an overview of the environment of Sudan and the assessment process
analysis and recommendations for the major cross-cutting issues: climate change, desertification, conflict, and population displacement
analysis and recommendations for key environmental issues in nine different sectors (urban/health, industry, agriculture, forestry, water, wildlife, marine environment, law and foreign aid)




Rapid Assessment and Development of an Environmental Action Plan for Selected Internally Displaced Population Camps. Pilot Study, Darfur, Sudan

Intended as a first step towards elaborating a systematic approach to addressing environmental issues in and around settlements for internally displaced people, especially those issues which might have an urgent negative impact on the health and welfare of these people
Intended as a pilot tool and will be revised further as field tests are carried out


OCHA - UNEP Joint Environment Unit

Hazard Identification Tool (HIT). Identifying secondary/environmental risks after natural disasters

Available on OCHA website: Hazard Identification Tool
Based on the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT). The HIT can be seen as a simplified country-application of the FEAT
The objective of the HIT is to alert the UN Country Team after the natural disaster to potential secondary risks posed by large infrastructure and industrial facilities containing hazardous materials located in the affected area. This information can be shared with local and national authorities
Can be used at different levels in the disaster management cycle: from response to response preparedness and disaster risk reduction activities


The Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT). To identify acute environmental risks immediately following disasters. Version 1.1

A "first aid" tool to identify environmental impacts, and support initial response actions in disaster contexts
Focuses primarily on immediate and acute impacts arising from released hazardous chemicals. Provides also information on physical impacts to the natural environment, such as soil erosion and salt water intrusion