Environmental and Livelihoods Vulnerability Mapping in Darfur (ELVM)
Project dates: October 2009 – July 2010
ProAct undertook an Environmental and Livelihoods Vulnerability Mapping (ELVM) project for North and South Darfur on behalf of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), with funding from the Government of Japan.
The project developed a tailor-made environmental and livelihoods vulnerability conceptual and mapping framework to provide spatialized environmental and livelihood vulnerability information across North and South Darfur to improve decision making in humanitarian assistance and the return process. It provides an integrated, comparable assessment of livelihoods and environmental vulnerability both across the entire study area and also at a local scale (in 16km x16km grid cells) across North and South Darfur.
The project used existing and satellite-derived information to estimate exposure to environmental hazards and the adaptive capacity of communities at continuous geographic areas across the two Darfur States. Within the ELVM framework the following four major environmental limiting factors for production (and thus rural livelihood activities) across Darfur were assessed and mapped:
- potential rainfall water availability;
- rainfall unpredictability;
- potential groundwater availability; and
- potential energy - woodfuel- insufficiency.
In addition to environmental limiting factors, population distribution and adaptive capacity were added to estimate indices of environmental and livelihoods vulnerability in North and South Darfur. Results of the assessment are presented in simple and readily interpretable maps and vulnerability diagrams that allow the identification of the most vulnerable geographic units, the comparison of vulnerability among locations and a determination of the main drivers of vulnerability at each 16km x 16km grid cell across North and South Darfur. The vulnerability maps produced in the project can be accessed at www.vulnerability-mapping.org
The knowledge and data generated from the ELVM project complements IOM's work on IDP return and relocation movements and the vulnerability maps produced by the project have the potential to guide and inform return and resettlement planning and processes, show where natural resources are climatically stable and where they are subject to inter-annual variations, and provide a framework for comparing vulnerabilities, and potential interventions to address those vulnerabilities, across the study area. The spatial vulnerability ranking across North and South Darfur potentially allows IOM, the Government of Sudan and other key agencies involved in humanitarian and relief operations to base future decisions on more complete and reliable environmental data, much of which underpins livelihoods, security and overall peace in the region.