Population Movement in a Changing Environment

Environmental migration is not officially recognised. Cases of people being forced to move on account of climatic change are, however, being recorded while a growing number of areas are being identified as "vulnerable" and "at risk". ProAct believes that a multifaceted approach needs to be urgently developed to both accommodate and mitigate future flows and reduce the impacts of human displacement on the environment, as well as societies.
Humanitarian and environmental organisations will increasingly be affected by environment-related human displacement. ProAct encourages these two sectors to co-operate in order to find solutions that integrate livelihood resilience and sustainable resource management in policies, and support practical, tangible projects on the ground

Download - English
ProActPubuications pop mouvt policy paper EN


Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

Climate change and disaster management communities have long operated in isolation from each other. ProAct believes that greater co-operation would increase overall effectiveness in reducing people's vulnerability to rising risks. This policy paper seeks to encourage synergies between these two areas. In addition ProAct encourages ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Environmental management is a critical and cost-efficient – yet underused – alternative approach which has multiple benefits for vulnerable communities.

Download - English

ProActPublication drr caa policy paper EN


Community Environmental Action Plans - An Integrated and Participatory Approach to Sustainable Natural Resource Management

This document outlines ProAct’s practical and theoretical approach to CEAPs and community-based work, highlighting our support of participatory approaches and the CEAP process, and the subsequent role which we, and our partners, play in this.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

CEAP AnIntegratedAndParticipatoryApproachToSustainableNaturalResourceManagement EN


Community Environmental Action Plans for Pastoralist Communities

This paper is intended to supplement ProAct’s other guidance on CEAPs. Following a discussion of the challenges facing pastoralists and the utility of CEAPs for addressing these, the ways in which this approach might be adapted when applied in pastoral contexts is explored. Unique challenges in such contexts require modifications in ProAct’s own role, with different emphases emerging throughout the CEAP process, as well as a number of new, additional considerations.

Download - English

CommunityEnvironmentalActionPlansForPastoralistCommunities EN

Project Reports


Mainstreaming Social And Environmental Considerations Into The Liberian National Forestry Reform Process EN

A Strategic Environmental Assessment for implementation of the 3Cs of the Forest Reform Law 2006

The World Bank's final report on the project: Mainstreaming social and environmental considerations into the Liberian forestry reform process" is available for download.

Download - English


ELVM Full Report EN

Environmental Livelihoods and Vulnerability Mapping (ELVM) Project Report

ProAct undertook an Environmental and Livelihoods Vulnerability Mapping (ELVM) project for North and South Darfur on behalf of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), with funding from the Government of Japan. The project developed a tailor-made environmental and livelihoods vulnerability conceptual and mapping framework to provide spatialized environmental and livelihood vulnerability information across North and South Darfur to improve decision making in humanitarian assistance and the return process.

Full report:
Summary report:


Complete Burundi Ecological Impact EN

Evaluation Report: The ecological impact of refugee/returnee programmes supported by the Norvegian Refugee Council in Burundi

The NRC has now published the Evaluation Report: The ecological impact of refugee/returnee programmes supported by the Norvegian Refugee Council in Burundi - A review of actions taken to mitigate such impacts. The study was conducted by ProAct Network.

Download - EnglishDownload - French


Waste Management Assessment South Ossetia EN

Disaster waste management assessment, South Ossetia, Georgia

This report presents the findings of an assessment of waste management in and around of Tskhinvali, the largest city of South Ossetia carried out by ProAct Network and its partner Disaster Waste Recovery at the request of authorities in South Ossetia and UNEP GRID-Arendal in March 2008.

Download - English


Rapid EnvironmentalAssessment Of The IDP Situation North Kivu Democratic Repubilc Of Congo EN

Rapid environmental assessment of the internally displaced people situation, North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

This report presents the findings from a rapid environmental assessment of the internally displaced people (IDP) situation in the North Kivu Province of Democratic Republic of Congo conducted by ProAct Network in November and December 2007.

Download - English


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Fuel Efficient Stove Programming EN

Assessing the effectiveness of fuel-efficient stove programming - A Darfur-wide review

ProAct Network assisted CHF International and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) in undertaking a programmatic review of Fuel Efficient Stove (FES) projects in the three states of Darfur, Sudan, in May - June 2008. The review examines the full range of FES projects being implemented from the perspective of institutional approaches, efficiency and effectiveness.

Download - English


Environment Health and Safety EHS Gap Assessment Tabasco Floods Mexico EN

EHS Gap Assessment Tabasco, Mexico Report

This report documents the national and international response to the environmental health and safety challenges from the Autumn 2007 floods in Tabasco, Mexico and provides recommendations on future work related to environmental preparedness and disaster risk reduction. The study was managed by ProAct and it's partners Disaster Waste Recovery and the Swedish Rescue Service Agency.

Download - English


The Role of environmental management and eco-engineering in drr and cca Full Report EN

The role of environmental management and eco-engineering in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation

ProAct Network, with support from the Ministry of Environment, Finland, and in collaboration with the secretariat of the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), has undertaken a global survey to investigate both traditional and scientific experiences in the use of environmental management and ecosystems as natural buffers for climate-related extreme weather events.

Full report:
Case studies:

Community Environmental Action Planning

Over the course of the Sudan Integrated Environment Programme, UNEP Sudan and its partners have initialised and carried out various CBNRM processes, under the name of CEAP – Community Environmental Action Planning. This experience has been captured in a set of publications that will support CEAP practitioners and facilitators in carrying out community-based natural resource initiatives. These publications also aim to increase the understanding of what a CEAP process is, and what impact it can have on local communities and the environment.

Facilitator's Guide:
Handbook for Practitioners:
Handbook for Practitioners Synthesis Report:
Putting it into practice - Selected case studies on CBNRM projects in Sudan:
Alternative Domestic Energy Options For Darfur

Alternative Domestic Energy Options for Darfur

The Darfur Alternative Energy Project (DAEP) was one of three projects implemented by ProAct Network from December 2009 to March 2011 under the umbrella of the UNEP Sudan Integrated Environment Project (SIEP), an initiative funded by DfID. The main objective of the project was to undertake a review of the current situation, including an economic and policy analysis, with a view to identifying viable and appropriate alternative energy options that could reduce the consumption of fuelwood and charcoal and hence slow deforestation in Darfur. This review is based on extensive background research, consultations and field missions.

Download - English

Global Strategy For Safe Access To Fuel And Energy

Global Strategy for Safe Access to Fuel and energy (Safe)

The Strategy will strive to promote appropriate household fuel and energy technologies, including the expanded use of renewable energy, to improve the protection and wellbeing of refugees. It will also seek to integrate energy requirements into emergency preparedness and response. Likewise, the Strategy aims to increase access to energy for schools, health centres and other institutions, as well as the planting of trees for fuel provision and environmental protection.

Download - English

EnvironmentAndHumanitarianAction IncreasingEffectivenessSustainabilityAndAccuntability

Environment and Humanitarian Action - Increasing Effectiveness, Sustainability and Accountability

This study, commissioned by the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, and with the financial support of the Government of Finland, reviews the current state of integration of environmental considerations in humanitarian action and outlines a way forward on how environment should be consistently taken into account at all phases of humanitarian programming, leading towards improved effectiveness, accountability and sustainability of humanitarian action. As the first stage of a larger project, it examines some of the achievements to date and proposes, based on extensive consultations, how the future agenda might be defined. Findings indicate that despite recognition of the links between environment and humanitarian response among humanitarian practitioners and despite a host of quality initiatives, standards and guidelines, there is a wide gap between policy and practice and a clear lack of accountability and responsibility in ensuring that this gap is bridged and that theory is transformed into practical action.

Download - English


Tools & Guidance


Factsheet - Rainwater Harvesting in North Darfur

Drylands cover most of North Darfur, with semi-desert and desert are as extending over most of the State's territory. Normally, the yearly rain occurs during a short summer period, and its amount and predictability decrease towards the north of the State. However, some studies describe that recent decades have seen rainfall becoming increasingly unreliable over all Darfur, and document a
series of droughts in the area.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

3.2.2.FactsheetRainewaterDarfur EN


Factsheet - Excreta Disposal and Sanitation

Protecting a camp population from health hazards caused by faecal contamination can be complex and challenging. The complexity and challenges become greater where it is not possible to construct family latrines, i.e. communal latrine blocks are used.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

Factsheet ExcretaDisposalAndSaitation EN


Factsheet - Environmental Standards and Indicators

Most organisations use standards and indicators for monitoring and evaluation. It is useful to define a number of terms relating to standards and indicators.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

Factsheet EnvironmentalStandardsAndIndicators EN


Factsheet - Environmental Management in Camp Settings

There is an environmental impact associated with every displaced persons camp. Soil erosion, vegetation loss, water pollution, and soil contamination are among the main concerns. The severity of this impact, however, can be decreased with timely and sound environmental management.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

Factsheet EnvironmentalManagementInCampSetting EN


Factsheet - Environmental Considerations in Camp Phase Out

Camps are established to help meet the needs of displaced people – those fleeing from conflict, as well as people temporarily displaced as a result of a disaster. They are only envisaged as temporary solutions, although many continue to operate for many years or decades. As soon as conditions allow, however, camps and camp - like structures should be closed and the area rehabilitated to remove dangers and obstacles.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

Factsheet EnvironmentalConsiderationsInCampPhaseOut EN


Factsheet - Rapid Environmental Assessments

Rapid Environmental Assessment s (REAs)are the foundation of decision-making / planning with regards to environmental − including natural resource use − management.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet RapidEnvironmentalAssessments EN


Factsheet - Community Environmental Action Plans

Community Environmental Action Planning is an interactive participatory technique and approach to natural resource and environmental management. Through structured facilitation, different stakeholder groups are encouraged to work together to assess their environmental situation, develop an environmental action plan that reflects their needs, and implement, monitor and evaluate resulting activities. This process is internal and engages the community with participatory and technical assessment tools.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet CommunityEnvironmentalActionPlans EN


Factsheet - Water Supply Access and Quality

The adequate provision of potable water to a camp population is obviously essential for life. Providing water goes beyond engineering interventions. It also involves participatory planning, ensuring equity in access, awareness - raising on water use and post-delivery storage. Water providing agencies are required to work with a range of agencies working in other camp sectors in order to support the effective and safe use of protected water sources, in addition to ensuring that water sources are not threatened by contamination.

Download - EnglishDownload - Arabic Download - French

Factsheet WaterSupplyAccessAndQuality EN


Factsheet - Vector Control

A vector is a disease-carrying agent. The diseases carried by vectors are the most significant causes of sickness and death in camp / emergency situations.

It is vital that a camp is constantly monitored for indicators of diseases spread by vectors, including epidemiological and community-based records on disease
incidences and observations.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet VectorControl EN


Factsheet - Sustainable Construction in North Darfur

Although attention is often given to sustainability criteria, such as choice of materials and building technologies, it is also important to include sustainability criteria in the pre-design and planning phases.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet SustainableConstructionInNorthDarfur EN


Factsheet - Solid Waste Management and Drainage

The poor disposal of solid organic waste material (i.e. all non-liquid waste produced by households, market places, medical facilities and so forth) can pose threats to health by providing breeding sites for vectors of disease and causing surface water contamination.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet SolidWasteManagementAndDrainage EN


Factsheet - Fuel Efficiency in North Darfur

A major environmental impact from human displacement in Darfur is deforestation and habitat destruction due to the collection of wood for cooking and construction. Although other biomass fuels are sometimes used, fuelwood is the primary source for household energy in Darfur.

Download - EnglishDownload - ArabicDownload - French

Factsheet FuelEfficiencyInDarfur EN


Maximising Ecosystem Services for Disaster Risk Reduction

Healthy ecosystems contribute positively to community and environmental resilience. As well as providing us with products essential to life and livelihoods − food, fuel, medicine and construction materials − ecosystems act as natural, dynamic barriers that can help protect people from natural hazards and the impacts of climate change.

Download - EnglishDownload - French

Factsheet MaximasingEcosystemServicesForDisasterRiskReduction EN


Environmental Management in Refugee Situations - UNHCR Workshop, September 2009

ProAct assisted with training at the Environmental Management in Refugee Situations Learning Workshop, organised by UNHCR, in Kigali, Rwanda in September 2009.

Download - English

EnvironmentalManagementKigaliWorkshopReport EN


Brief Technical Guide: Building Waste Materials in Emergencies

This booklet is a short guide for shelter practitioners with little experience of centralised disaster
waste settings, mainly in response to large disasters. It highlights key issues and priorities of
disaster waste management in different settings. It provides simple examples of re-use and
recycling of building waste materials in temporary and permanent shelter programmes. Further
reading and other sources of more in-depth information are provided.

Download - English



Brief Technical Guide: Asbestos in Emergencies

This booklet is a simple and practical guide for transitional settlement and reconstruction
practitioners. It aims to provide basic background information on asbestos and its
associated health risks. It provides key recommendations for minimising the risks
of dealing with asbestos in post-disaster transitional settlement and reconstruction
operations and suggests further reading sources for more in-depth technical information.

Download - English



Environment training modules for Emergency Shelter Expert

Environmental training modules for Emergency Shelter experts.

These modules have been developped in collaboration with InterWorks.
(The files are PowerPoint presentations and some are rather large)

Opening, welcome, workshop introduction:
Disaster management & environment concepts
Emergency & transitional shelter concepts
The cluster approach
Policy and good practice requirements
Tools and resources -- Rapid Environmental Assessment
Tools and resources & action checklist
Exercise template
Links between environmental issues & other clusters
Disaster contingency planning
Field operations
Issues and options


Fuel-Efficient Stove - Data collection toolkit

This collection of data collection tools was developed by ProAct Network as part a programmatic review of fuel efficient stove projects in Darfur - FES project report. The review was conducted by a team from ProAct Network, contracted by CHF International on behalf of the Darfur Fuel Efficient Stove Working Group.

The tools were developed during the training and orientation of the team of national consultants that took place in March 2008, at the start of the review.

Download - English

FES toolkit EN

Community Environmental Action Planning

Over the course of the Sudan Integrated Environment Programme, UNEP Sudan and its partners have initialised and carried out various CBNRM processes, under the name of CEAP – Community Environmental Action Planning. This experience has been captured in a set of publications that will support CEAP practitioners and facilitators in carrying out community-based natural resource initiatives. These publications also aim to increase the understanding of what a CEAP process is, and what impact it can have on local communities and the environment.

Facilitator's Guide:
Handbook for Practitioners:
Handbook for Practitioners Synthesis Report:
Putting it into practice - Selected case studies on CBNRM projects in Sudan:




Forced-Migrations-Revue David article EN

Forced Migration Review - issue 31: Climate Change and Displacement

In response to growing pressures on landscapes and livelihoods, people are moving, communities are adapting. The 31st issue of Forced Migration Review debates the numbers, the definitions and the modalities – and the tension between the need for research and the need to act. Thirty-eight articles by UN, academic, international and local actors explore the extent of the potential displacement crisis, community adaptation and coping strategies, and the search for solutions.

Download -English


How not to be an EDP EN

How not to be an EDP

Damage to ecosystems that once conferred protection from drought, flood, storm and landslide has become widespread. Early climate change is subjecting increasingly undefended communities to more extreme conditions. As aquifers are dewatered and environmental security deteriorates, more and people are finding it hard to stay where they are. They are at risk of becoming EDPs.

ProAct's Associate, Dr Julian Caldecott ( reports on experiences to show that it's possible to roll back the clock, by restoring ecosystems to boost the security of livelihoods and lifestyles in an increasingly dangerous world.

Download - English


Event Reports & Presentations


ProAct Presentation at CoHab 2008

ProAct's director David Stone gave a presentation on "Human Displacement in a Changing Environment" during the Second International Conference on Health and Biodiversity (CoHab), that took place from Monday 25th to Thursday 28th February 2008 in Galway, Ireland.

The conference aimed to advance dialogue and collaboration across sectors on issues linking biodiversity with human health and well-being, highlighting practical cross-sectoral and holistic approaches to addressing the issues under three key thematic areas - Disaster Prevention, Relief and Recovery; Food Resources, Diet and Nutrition, and Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Download Presentation - English

Human displacement in a changing climate EN


Emergency Recovery - SRSA Training, October 2008

ProAct gave a presentation on environmental issues and recovery, focusing on practical experience at the SRSA training session in Sweden early October 2008.

Download Presentation - English

3.5.4.SRSA Training


ProAct Workshop at IDRC Davos 2008

ProAct Network's new publication "The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation" was launched at the International Disaster and Risk Conference at Davos, Switzerland on 26th August 2008. In a related workshop, panellists from the Inter-American Development Bank, CIDA, the Ministry of Environment - Finland, CARE International, IUCN and UN/ISDR concluded that:

While DRR can be seen as a "no regrets" approach to climate change adaptation, environmental management is a "no regrets" approach to DRR as it brings multiple environmental, economic and social benefits.
We need to communicate the potential and opportunities of environmental management in disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation to policy makers, practitioners and stakeholders, which requires identifying the obstacles that prevent such approaches from currently reaching the poor.
There is a clear need to develop and adapt technical guidelines and standards for more widescale application of environmental management for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Practitioners and decision-makers in conjunction with an effective knowledge management, dissemination and technical backstopping are key elements of the system.
New solutions are often not needed: instead we need to disseminate and adapt existing technologies and promote and support best practices of environmental management in relation to disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.

Download eco-engineering presentations from the workshop:

Overview of the Report and Key Recommendations (Ms Nina Saalismaa, ProAct Network)
Using Eco-Engineering to Prevent against Hazards in Forests on Landslide Prone Slopes (Dr Alexia Stokes, INRA-AMAP, France)
Mitigation of the Tsunami Hazard (Prof. S.S.L. Hettiarachchi, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Quantifying the Protective Capacity of Forests against Snow Avalanches (Dr Peter Bebi and Dr Perry Bartelt, SLF, Switzerland)
Ecosystem services of a floodplain with preserved hydrological regime (Ms. Katerina Krováková, Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic)

We welcome any feedback and further collaboration with institutions and individuals interested and committed to this subject.





ProAct Update 1010 EN

ProAct Update Report - October 2010

Download the October 2010 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 0310 EN

ProAct Update Report - March 2010

Download the March 2010 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 1209 EN

ProAct Update Report - December 2009

Download the December 2009 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 0709 EN

ProAct Update Report - July 2009

Download the July 2009 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 0509 EN

ProAct Update Report - April 2009

Download the April 2009 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 0908 EN

ProAct Update Report - September 2008

Download the September 2008 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


ProAct Update 0408 EN

ProAct Update Report - April 2008

Download the April 2008 ProAct Update Report

Download - English


Annual Reviews


ProAct Annual Review 2010-2011

Download Proact's annual review 2010-2011

Download - English



ProAct Annual Review 2009

Download Proact's annual review 2009

Download - English


ProAct Annual Review 2008

Download Proact's annual review 2008

Download - English