Practitioner's Resources Kit


Environmental Management in Humanitarian Operations

The following is a collection of tools, guidance and documents on environmental management within humanitarian operations. It offers a quick access to key reference documents for field practitioners working in humanitarian and relief response. (Copyright and ownership remain with original publishers)

  1. General Guidelines and Tools
  2. Environmental Assessments and Environmental Action Plans
  3. Agriculture and Livelihoods
  4. Energy
  5. Environmental Education
  6. Forests & Timber
  7. Shelter and Reconstruction
  8. Waste
  9. Water and Sanitation
  10. Websites
  11. Emergency Contacts - United Nations

Ecosystem-based DRR


Environmental Management and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR): key publications

Healthy and well-managed ecosystems offer numerous services to societies, including regulation of natural hazards. These disaster risk reducing services include flood regulation, landslide prevention, control of wild fires, reduction of storm surge impacts and so forth. Conversely, ecosystem decline increases disaster risk both by reducing the ability of an ecosystem to act as a natural buffer, as well as by reducing people's resilience by reducing their bases for livelihoods such as food, medicine and construction materials.

ProAct promotes ecosystem-based disaster disk reduction, and can provide further assistance in its practical application.

Some of the main general publications (excluding scientific articles) on ecosystem-DRR linkages are listed and downloadable below for easy reference (Copyright and ownership remain with original publishers).

Please let us know if you have any additions or corrections to the list at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


ProAct Network


  1. The Role of Environmental Management and Eco-engineering in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation
  2. Environmental Management: Multiple Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Benefits for Vulnerable Communities



Regional Training Manual on Disaster Risk Reduction for Coastal Zone Managers 



Linking Disaster Risk Reduction, Environmental Management and Development Practices and Practitioners in Asia Pacific Region: A Review of Opportunities for Integration. Working Paper.



The Role of Coastal Forests in the Mitigation of Tsunami Impacts. RAP Publication 2007/01. 



Global Assessment Report for Disaster Risk Reduction: Risk and Poverty in a Changing Climate. Invest Today for a Safer Tomorrow 

ISDR and Kyoto University


A Guide for Implementing the Hyogo Framework of Action by Local Stakeholders. Asian Regional Task Force on Urban Risk Reduction

  • HFA-4 - Reduce the underlying Risk Factors



Manual on Guidelines for Rehabilitation of Coastal Forests Damaged by Natural Hazards in the Asia-Pacific Region 



  1. Environment as Infrastructure: Resilience to Climate Change Impacts on Water through Investments in Nature.
  2. Environmental Guidance Note for Disaster Risk Reduction: Healthy Ecosystems for Human Security
  3. Incorporating environmental safeguards into disaster risk management.
    • Volume 3: Tools, techniques and relevant resources.


  1. Incorporating environmental safeguards into disaster risk management.
    • Volume 1: Reference material.
  2. Incorporating environmental safeguards into disaster risk management.
    • Volume 2: The Disaster Management Cycle.


Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters: An Integrated Approach to Disaster Risk Management. Ecosystem Management Series No. 4

IUCN, TNC, UNDP,WCS, World Bank and WWF


Natural Solutions: Protected areas helping people cope with climate change

ProVention Consortium and CDB


Tools for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction: Environmental Assessment. Guidance Note 7 



Risk and Vulnerability Assessment Methodology Development Project (RiVAMP): Linking Ecosystems to Risk and Vulnerability Reduction. The Case of Jamaica. Results of the Pilot Assessment 


The Role of Ecosystem Management in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction. Issues Paper prepared for the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, June 2009



Environment and Disasters: Emerging Perspectives



In the front line: shoreline protection and other ecosystem services from mangroves and coral reefs 

World Bank


Convenient Solutions to an Inconvenient Truth: Ecosystem-Based Approaches to Climate Change 


The Last Straw: Integrating Natural Disaster Mitigation with Environmental Management (with examples from Dominica, the Dominican Republic and St. Lucia). Disaster Risk Management Working Paper Series No. 5. 



Natural Security: Protected areas and hazard mitigation. A research report by WWF and Equilibrium

Tools for EA


Environmental Assessment Tools for Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Operations

Integration of environmental management into disaster/crisis response can improve considerably the long-term sustainability of humanitarian operations. Several tools are available to assess the environmental situation and impact following a natural hazard or crises event and to guide subsequent humanitarian relief work.

Some of the main tools are listed and downloadable below for easy reference. ProAct encourages the use of these tools in humanitarian response, and can provide further assistance in their application. (Copyright and ownership remain with original publishers).

Please let us know if you have any additions or corrections to the list at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


Benfield Hazard Research Centre UCL and CARE International

E-Learning Course on Rapid Environmental Assessments in Disasters (linked to file: REA_eLearningCourse_2006.EXE)

A self-learn module introducing the basics of REAs
Size 178 MB

Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters. Version 4.4. Prepared by Kelly, C.

Tool to identify, define and prioritise potential environmental impacts in disaster situations

Quick Guide. Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters. Version 0. Prepared by Kelly, C.

Based on the Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment in Disasters
Focus on practical steps and necessary forms


Caribbean Development Bank and Caribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM)

Sourcebook on the Integration of Natural Hazards into the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Process

Compilation of mechanisms for assessing, within EIA, the potential interaction between a proposed project and natural hazards (prior to disasters)

Cluster Working Group for Early Recovery

Environmental Needs Assessment in Post-Disaster Situations. A Practical Guide for Implementation

Primarily designed to inform and influence the early recovery process


Handbook for Estimating the Socio-economic and Environmental Effects of Disasters

Guidance for identifying and quantifying the impact of disasters on the affected social, economic and environmental sectors
Assists in determining which geographical areas have been most affected and require priority attention during the rehabilitation and reconstruction process

Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit

The Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT). To identify acute environmental risks immediately following disasters. Version 1.1

A "first aid" tool to identify environmental impacts, and support initial response following disasters
Focuses on released hazardous chemicals, but provides also information on physical impacts to the environment (soil erosion, saltwater intrusion, etc)


  1. Guidelines for Environmental Assessment Following Chemical Emergencies. Prepared by J. A. Bishop
      Specific guidance for chemical emergencies
  2. Hazard Identification Tool (HIT). Identifying secondary/environmental risks after natural disasters

Tool to assist in desk research based identification of potentially hazardous facilities (infrastructure, industrial installations, etc) following disasters

Kelly, C.

Checklist-Based Guide to Identifying Critical Environmental Considerations in Emergency Shelter Site Selection, Construction, Management and Decommissioning. Version 1.0.

A tool to assess whether environmental issues have been appropriately addressed in emergency shelter efforts
Can also be used to review planning for new emergency shelter sites

ProVention Consortium and CDB

Tools for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction. Environmental Assessment. Guidance Note 7

Guidance in analysing disaster risk-related consequences of potential projects via their impact on the environment as well as potential threat to projects posed by natural hazards, both for development projects in hazard-prone areas and, more briefly, for post-disaster relief and rehabilitation operations.


Integrating Environment in Post-Conflict Needs Assessments. UNEP Guidance Note

Specific guidance for post-conflict situations

UNHCR and CARE International

FRAME - Framework for Assessing, Monitoring and Evaluating the environment in refugee-related operations

Toolkit tailored for refugee/displacement situations
Chapters include:

    1. Introduction
    2. Environmental Assessments
    3. Rapid Environmental Assessments
    4. Community Environmental Action Planning, including participatory methods
    5. Environmental Indicators
    6. Evaluation

WWF Indonesia

Green Reconstruction Policy Guidelines

Guidelines to mainstream environmental concerns into all aspects of reconstruction; including using Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs)
Originally developed in the wake of 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami

WWF and American Red Cross

2010 (forthcoming)
Green Recovery and Reconstruction Training Toolkit

A training toolkit to equip field staff working in humanitarian aid, government, and conservation with practical, solution-oriented techniques for integrating environmental sustainability into disaster recovery and reconstruction